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Rubrics can be used as a guide describing expectations in student assignments and as a scoring tool for instructors. A rubric defines how to evaluate a student’s performance based on several criteria rather than a single numerical score. Rubrics have become an especially, helpful tool in a diverse teaching and learning environment by providing a wide range of benefits, from providing consistent feedback to students to decreasing overall grading time.
What is a Rubric?
So, what is a rubric? Formally defined, a rubric is a “…coherent set of criteria for students’ work that includes descriptions of levels of performance quality on the criteria” (Brookhart, 2013, p. 4). In short, rubrics distinguish between levels of student performance on a given activity.More broadly, a rubric is an evaluation tool that has three distinguishing features: evaluative criteria, quality definitions, and a scoring strategy (Popham, 2000).
Evaluative criteria represent the dimensions on which a student activity or artifact (e.g., an assignment) is evaluated.
Quality definitions comprise qualitative descriptions that distinguish student performance across a continuum for a given criterion.
The scoring strategy articulates the process of converting the qualitative evaluations of student performance related to each criterion into an overall judgement of the quality of the artifact.
Creating Rubrics in Blackboard
Importing Rubrics into Your Course
Where can I Use Blackboard Rubrics?
- Essay, Short Answer, and File Response test questions
- Blogs and Journals
- Discussion forums and threads
Examples of Exemplary Rubrics
The Association of American Colleges & Universities created a series of high-quality rubrics, VALUE rubrics covering critical intellectual and practical skills. There are a total of 16 rubrics that are open-source and available to download from their website AACU VALUE Rubrics.
- University of Southern California Sample Rubrics available for download
- Arizona State University Best Practices for Designing Effective Rubrics, including links to exemplary rubrics
- Vanderbilt University, Center for Teaching, Tools for Grading - Sample Rubrics and Spreadsheets by Derek Bruff
- University of West Florida Examples of Rubrics
- Carnegie Mellon University, Eberly Center, Creating and Using Rubrics
- Berkley Center for Teaching & Learning, Rubrics
- CAST Professional Learning Top 10 UDL Tips for Assessments